The Chitwan valley is characterized by tropical and subtropical forests. Roughly 70 percent of park vegetative cover is Sal (Shorea robusta) forest, a moist deciduous vegetation type of the terai region. The remaining vegetation types include grassland, riverine forest and Sal with Chir pine Pinus roxburghii. The later occurs at the top of the Churia range. The riverine forests consist of Khair (Acacia catechu), Sissoo (Dalbergia sisoo) and Simal (Bombax ceiba). The grasslands are mainly located in the floodplains of the rivers and form a diverse and complex community with over 50 different types of grasses including the elephant grass (Saccharum spp.), renowned for its immense height. It can grow up to 8 meter in height.
A total of 68 species of mammals , 56 species of herpeto fauna and 126 species of fish have been recorded in the park. The park is especially renowned for its protection of One Horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger and Gharial Crocodile. The park harbors not only the world’s largest terrestrial mammal (wild elephant) but also the world’s smallest terrestrial mammal (pygmy shrew). A total of 544 species of birds has been recorded so far including 22 globally threatened species including critically endangered Bengal Florican, Slender-billed Vulture, White-rumped Vulture and Red-headed Vulture.
Annual Bulletin 2067 / 68
In order to download the Annual Bulletin 2067 / 68 , please CLICK HERE.
March 16, 2014
To download the press release issued on the occasion of first birth of a vulture in the Vulture Breeding Center, please CLICK HERE.
March 03, 2014
To download the press release issued by the Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation on Rhino Zero Poaching: 365 Days and World Wildlife Day, please CLICK HERE.
July 29, 2013
The number of wild tigers living in Nepal has increased by 63% to 198 since 2009, a government survey has shown. more>>>
Aug 28, 2014
Rhino population up.
MAY 05 2015
Rhino population has increased by 111 and reached 645 in the country.The Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation announced this organising a press meeting here at Sauraha, Chitwan today. More>>>>